A balanced diet provides essential energy and nutrients, and can help protect against disease. On the other hand, poor nutrition increases risk of weight gain and is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, kidney disease and some cancers.
Alcohol can also contribute to excess energy intake and weight gain, and excess consumption can increase risk of stroke and some cancers.
The Australian Dietary Guidelines recommend consuming a balanced diet and limiting discretionary foods containing saturated fat, added salt, added sugars, and alcohol.
Australia's Health 2016 reports that 93% of adults do not consume the recommended five serves of vegetables per day, and 50% do not eat the recommended two serves of fruit per day. Meanwhile, more than one third of our daily energy intake comes from discretionary foods.
ACDPA played a significant role in the establishment of Australia’s Health Star Rating food labelling system and continues to work to strengthen the interpretive star labelling system.
Link to other ACDPA resources
Sources: AIHW Evidence for chronic disease risk factors; AIHW Australia's Health 2016; NHMRC Australian Dietary Guidelines 2013; AIHW Cardiovascular disease, diabetes and chronic kidney disease— Australian facts: Risk factors 2015; AIHW Cancer in Australia 2014.